Arte Rupestre
Rock Art


Las mentes son como los paracaídas. Los dos funcionan mejor cuando están abiertos.

Thomas R. Dewar


My web site includes (besides this Home Page) pages about Copyright, Code of Ethics, New Publications and links to my other web pages (see below). The Bibliography Page shows all my publications up to now, while most of my publications are available as PDFs at Academia

My web pages and publications will mainly deal with the rock art of the Andes of South America, in particular the Desert Andes, the western coastal strip of the Andes in Peru and Northern Chile. However, also rock art in other parts of the world will be discussed in my publications.

Although my old MC2 web site cannot be updated anymore, most of the pages are still accessible via the following link: Van Hoek - Old Web Site. Please feel free to browse my old web pages and use any material (please always credit me appropriately when using my material: see my Copyright Page).

Since 1975 and up to 2017 I surveyed numerous rock art sites in the following countries together with my wife Elles:

I have also created two other web sites offering a few of my papers about rock art:

Andean Rock Art Papers

Rock Art Papers

And all my videos are available at YouTube


There are many web sites and web pages offering information about Andean rock art (hyperlinks are underlined), but the most relevant web sites dealing with my study area (western Peru and the north of Chile) are:


Publicación electrónica especializada en la investigación del arte rupestre de América Latina.

This most extensive web site deals with the whole of Latin America, but specifically offers many articles describing rock art sites in my study area: the Desert Andes. This large area mainly covers the western part of the Andes and includes northern Chile (the Atacama Desert) and the whole of western Peru. At the moment (up to January 2017) 462 high quality papers are available in this major web site. Unfortunately, since January 2017 it seems that RupestreWeb has stopped its publishing activities.

PERU (91 papers) - CHILE (21 papers) - ARGENTINA (16 papers)


This international On-Line Rock Art Bulletin (based in Italy) publishes many interesting papers (and more) about rock art. Several of my publications are available on this web site. Those papers deal mainly with Andean rock art subjects (often together with videos), but occasionally rock art from other areas has been described (Africa and Northern America).


La Sociedad de Investigación del Arte Rupestre de Bolivia.SIARB, founded in 1987, is an official member of IFRAO; the International Federation of Rock Art Organizations. Their more limited but informative web site mainly deals with Bolivia. However, SIARB publishes an excellent (printed) Journal - Boletín de SIARB - in which also several papers dealing with the rock art of Peru and Chile occur. Some of those papers can be downloaded from their web site.


APAR (Asociación Peruana de Arte Rupestre) was founded in 2007. APAR is the only official - IFRAO acknowledged - Peruvian Rock Art Organisation and thus is limited to Peru only. APAR publishes a Journal - Boletín APAR - and a Revista - Quellca Rumi - that both are available in printed and electronic form. However, only few of their publications can be downloaded directly. Their Discussion Group sometimes offers information relevant to the rock art of Peru, but too many topics that are not related blur the actual goal of APAR: la defensa, protección, investigación y difusión responsable del arte rupestre peruano.

As it proved, after having browsed the APAR web pages for a long time, that APAR is heavily biased regarding paying attention to rock art publications from certain people (including me), especially publications concerning rock art found in Peru (see footnote: Important Remark), I have decided to delete all links in my web pages to the web sites that are maintained by (members of) APAR. For instance, their Discussion Group, their Facebook Page and their Boletín never includes/announces papers published in RUPESTREWEB and publications by certain rock art investigators are simply ignored and never referred to. This is incomprehensible for an organisation that pretends to defend and protect the rock art in Peru.


Unfortunately, there are no special organisations or web sites only dealing with rock art in Chile. However, there are many web sites and web pages that will offer information about many rock art sites.


There is no Peruvian or Chilean or Argentinean rock art; only rock art that now happens to be located in the modern republics of Peru and Chile and Argentina. Therefore, I prefer to speak of Andean rock art. Modern political boundaries have nothing to do with prehistoric rock art distribution, and therefore rock art studies should - in my opinion - avoid any political involvement. On the other hand, rock art protection needs strong political regulation and thus national, regional and especially local authorities are - or should be - responsible for the safeguard and management of the sacred rock art sites.

Header photo: Yonán, northern Peru